India missed the industrial revolution, and as a result, the overall progress of Indian economy was slow. But with the advent of Information Technology, India has become one of the fastest developing countries in this sector. India’s total IT industry’s share in the global market stands at 7 %; in the IT segment the share is 4 %. Indian manufacturing sector has the highest IT spending followed by automotive, chemicals and consumer products industries.
The IT industry’s share of total Indian exports increased from less than 4% in 1998 to about 25% in 2012. India made a gradual progress in IT sector. At Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, the National Centre for Software Development and Computing was instituted in 1973 and it focused on software development. The National Informatics Centre was established in 1975 followed by the Computer Maintenance Company (CMC) in 1976. During the period between 1977-1980 the country’s IT companies like Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Cognizant, Wipro and HCL technologies became household names. It was envisaged by the Indian government during early 80s, that electronics and telecommunications were vital to India’s growth and development.
The major global information technology hubs in India are: Bengaluru, also known as ‘Silicon Valley of India’ which is India’s leading software exporter, followed by Chennai which has the largest operations centers of TCS, and Cognizant; Hyderabad, known as Cyberabad, is a also a major IT hub in India, consisting of many multinational companies like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon and Electronic Arts, etc. Likewise Mumbai, Delhi, Gurgaon and Noida have many IT companies.
Information Technology sector is the most promising sector and is creating maximum number of job opportunities for the people. It has generated many opportunities for employment to young engineers and created 230,000 jobs in India in 2012, thus providing direct employment to about 2.8 million, and indirectly employing 9 million people. Information Technology includes developing and supporting all computer software and even hardware. The highest paid jobs are those of Information Technology managers, but even the systems engineers earn a lot.
10+2 in science stream
- Bachelor in Information Technology/Advanced Networking
- Bachelor in IT/Applied Technology
- Bachelor in Information Technology/information Management
- Bachelor in Multimedia and Visual Communications
- Bachelor of Science in Information Technology
- Bachelor in Computer Engineering Technology
- BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications)
- Software engineers
- Software developers
- Systems engineers
- Computer programmers
- Information Technology managers
- Java developers
- Information Technology consultants
- Network systems analysts
- Data communication analysts
- Database administrators
- Web designers
- Garden City College (GCC), Bangalore, Karnataka. Web: https://www.gardencity.university/
- St George College of Management, Science and Nursing, Bangalore, Karnataka. https://www.gardencity.university/
- Sikkim Manipal University (SMU), Gangtak, Sikkim. Web: https://smu.edu.in/smu.html
- Lovely Professional University, Punjab. Web: https://www.lpu.in/
- Manav Rachna University, Faridabad, Haryana. Web: https://manavrachna.edu.in/
- Amity University. Web: https://www.amity.edu/ais/aisv6/
There is no field where Information Technology is not in demand. There is a massive list including robotics, analysis, networking, designing, etc.